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Tag Archives: risk

Folic acid reduces risk of neural tube defects linked to HIV drug dolutegravir

Dolutegravir is a preferred medication for treating HIV infection, but it recently has been linked to a 6- to 9-fold increase in the risk for neural tube defects among babies born to mothers receiving the drug during early gestation. Researchers

Risk of neural tube defects higher for babies of women on HIV therapy with dolutegrav

Children born to women on HIV therapy containing the drug dolutegravir since conception have a slightly higher risk of neural tube defects, compared to children born to women on regimens of other antiretroviral drugs. The findings are from a study

Serious falls are a health risk for adults under 65

Adults who take several prescription medications are more likely to experience serious falls, say Yale researchers and their co-authors in a new study. This heightened risk can affect middle-aged individuals—a population not typically viewed as vulnerable to debilitating or fatal

FRAX score underestimates risk for fracture in multiple sclerosis

(HealthDay)—Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a risk factor for major fractures independent of the Fracture Risk Assessment tool (FRAX) score, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Etienne J. Bisson, from

Early drug intervention reduces risk of cardiovascular events in rheumatoid arthritis sufferers

People who develop rheumatoid arthritis as older adults benefit from early and sustained use of a drug called Methotrexate (MTX), a recent study led by University of Toronto researcher Jessica Widdifield has found. The study, the first of its kind

Diabetes increases the risk of heart failure more in women than men

Diabetes confers a greater excess risk of heart failure in women than men, according to new research in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes). Type 1 diabetes is associated with a 47% excess risk

Daily coffee doesn’t affect cancer risk

Drinking coffee does not change a person’s risk of being diagnosed with or dying from cancer, a new QIMR Berghofer study has found. The research findings have been published in the International Journal of Epidemiology. Senior author and head of

Risk and progression of Alzheimer’s disease differ by sex

The abnormal accumulation of proteins in the brain is a biological marker for Alzheimer’s disease, but the ways in which these proteins spread may help explain why the prevalence of Alzheimer’s is higher in women than in men. A recent

Prescribed opioids associated with overdose risk for family members without prescriptions

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, opioid overdoses were responsible for more than 42,000 deaths in 2016. Access to family members’ drugs may be a strong risk factor for overdose in individuals without their own prescriptions, according

Micro-ribonucleic acid in milk: Health risk very unlikely

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) occurs in animal and plant cells and has many biological functions. RNA plays a central role in the reading of genetic material, thereby ensuring that important substances are produced for the cells. Among other things, it also

Osteoarthritis linked to higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have investigated the link between osteoarthritis and mortality in an epidemiological study. It was shown that the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease was higher for people with osteoarthritis than for the rest of

Higher risk of pediatric multiple sclerosis in obese children, poorer response to treatments

A team of researchers with University Medical Center Göttingen, Georg August University Göttingen, has found that overweight and obese children are at higher risk of developing the relapsing form of multiple sclerosis (MS)—and they are also less receptive to medications

Lower than expected risk of bone density decline with Truvada PrEP

Researchers have shown that among users of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent against AIDS that includes tenofovir (Truvada), those with daily use—very high adherence—had only about a 1% average decrease in bone mineral density in the spine and a 0.5%

Methodological limitations keeping at-risk individuals from accessing lifesaving HIV prevention pill

Methodological limitations in HIV drug implementation studies help to explain why high-risk individuals are not accessing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) that can reduce the subsequent risk of HIV infection, according to a new University of Michigan study. Various barriers—from a lack

An inflammatory diet correlates with colorectal cancer risk

Researchers from the Molecular Mechanisms and Experimental Therapy in Oncology program (Oncobell) of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) and the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), together with the Biodonostia Health Research Institute (IIS Biodonostia), among others, have published in

Which body organs are most at risk during a heat wave?

In June 2019, much of Europe was struck by early heatwave, with temperatures reaching nearly 46 Centigrade (115 Fahrenheit) in France, an all-time record. A heat wave is characterized by extremely high temperatures over the course of several days and

Healthy lifestyle may offset genetic risk of dementia

Living a healthy lifestyle may help offset a person’s genetic risk of dementia, according to new research. The study was led by the University of Exeter—simultaneously published today in JAMA and presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2019 in

Elevated systolic BP may up risk for valvular heart disease

(HealthDay)—The cumulative effect of elevated systolic blood pressure appears to be associated with an increased risk for major valvular heart disease, according to a study published online July 10 in JAMA Cardiology. Milad Nazarzadeh, from the University of Oxford in

High-risk pregnancy: The interferon effect

High-risk pregnancies occur frequently, and have multiple causes. It is estimated that 10 to 20 percent of pregnant women miscarry during their first trimester of pregnancy. Slow fetal growth may also arise as a result of maternal infection with certain

The risk factors of Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S., but recent studies have ranked it third after they found that deaths caused by this disease were underreported. In addition, many people who potentially have Alzheimer’s never receive

Strength training can reduce your risk of cancer-related death by a substantial 31%

Countless studies have shown just how important exercise is for preventing chronic diseases including cancer. However, the majority of these studies focus on aerobic exercise, so much so that other forms of exercise like strength training are disregarded. A recent study from

Strength training can reduce your risk of cancer-related death by a substantial 31%

Countless studies have shown just how important exercise is for preventing chronic diseases including cancer. However, the majority of these studies focus on aerobic exercise, so much so that other forms of exercise like strength training are disregarded. A recent study from

Neonatal circumcision could increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in babies – new research

Credit: shutterstock Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or cot death remains the leading cause of infant death in many developed countries. There are around 2,700 babies who die from cot death every year in the US – and around 300

Statin therapy reduces risk for diabetic retinopathy in T2DM

(HealthDay)—For Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia, statin therapy is associated with a reduced risk for diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology. Eugene Yu-Chuan Kang, M.D., from the Chang Gung Memorial