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Tag Archives: Researchers

Researchers show kids widely exposed to smoking in movies

More than half of the top-grossing movies in Ontario in the past 16 years featured smoking, according to University of Toronto researchers with the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit—and most of these films were rated as acceptable for youth. Since 2002,

Researchers unlock access to pain relief potential of cannabis

University of Guelph researchers are the first to uncover how the cannabis plant creates important pain-relieving molecules that are 30 times more powerful at reducing inflammation than Aspirin. The discovery unlocks the potential to create a naturally derived pain treatment

Researchers get a handle on how to control blood sugar after stroke

Hyperglycemia, or high levels of glucose, is common in patients with acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcomes compared to normal blood sugar levels. Animal studies also pointed to an effect of high blood sugar in worsening stroke

Researchers develop novel vaccine that induces antibodies that contribute to protection

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have developed a novel vaccine consisting of DNA and recombinant proteins?proteins composed of a portion of an HIV protein and another unrelated protein. This vaccine was tested in monkeys and

Researchers study effect of Mediterranean diet on pregnancy outcomes

A Mediterranean-style diet in pregnancy does not reduce the risk of overall adverse maternal and offspring complications, but may reduce weight gain during pregnancy and the risk of gestational diabetes, according to a new study published this week in PLOS

Researchers unveil experimental compound to block therapeutic target in blood cancer

Researchers at the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center have discovered a hyperactive cell signal that contributes to tumor growth in an aggressive blood cancer. They also developed an experimental therapeutic to block the signal and slow tumor growth. The researchers

How long does a surgery take? Researchers create model

Operating rooms are a precious resource. They may account for 50 percent of a hospital’s revenues and cost as much as $80 a minute. But figuring out how much time to allot for a surgery is a challenge every hospital

Researchers determine epigenetic origin of docetaxel-resistant breast cancer

Researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) have published a study in Molecular Cancer Research in which they identify methylation patterns associated with different subtypes of breast cancer, and a subclassification of the group of “triple negatives,” a breast

Researchers compare visceral leishmaniasis diagnostic tests

Accurate and timely diagnosis of the tropic disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the pillars for reducing VL deaths. Currently available serological tests for diagnosing VL vary widely in their performance and may, as a whole, be inadequate for

Researchers unlock clues to improving cancer treatment

A research project led by The University of Western Australia in collaboration with Telethon Kids Institute and 13 health research organizations has identified key differences between cancers that respond to immunotherapy and those that do not. The breakthrough, which has

Researchers reveal how the Fasciola parasite causes neurological disorders

Fascioliasis is a parasitic disease caused by two species present in the liver: hepatic fasciola, which is prevalent worldwide, and Fasciola gigantica, which is found in Asia and Africa. The high pathogenicity of this disease has led the World Health

Researchers learn how low oxygen builds a bigger, stronger alligator heart

Restricted oxygen during early life development might result in lasting heart damage for many creatures, but not for alligators. Low oxygen doesn’t hurt their hearts; it makes them stronger. Now, University of Guelph researchers are beginning to understand why, pinpointing

Researchers use Twitter and AI to see who is hitting the gym

Social media data can provide a population-level view of physical activity, from bowling to Crossfit, and inform future efforts to tackle health disparities. A new study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers and published in BMJ

Researchers identify possible drug target for deadly heart condition

A genetic mutation linked to dilated cardiomyopathy, a dangerous enlargement of the heart’s main pumping chamber, activates a biological pathway normally turned off in healthy adult hearts, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Researchers deploy a novel mobile lab for rapid, real-time pathogen testing in the field

University of Minnesota researchers have refined testing methods for tick-borne diseases in the field by using a new, deployable mobile laboratory and performing genetic sequencing of key pathogens to better understand how they move, evolve and function. The U of

Researchers ID mechanism that may drive obesity epidemic

A molecular “trick” that kept our ancient ancestors from starving may now be contributing to the obesity epidemic, a new study finds. In starvation times, researchers say, animals were more likely to survive if they could hoard and stretch out

Researchers wirelessly hack ‘boss’ gene, a step toward reprogramming the human genome

It seems like everything is going wireless these days. That now includes efforts to reprogram the human genome. A new University at Buffalo-led study describes how researchers wirelessly controlled FGFR1—a gene that plays a key role in how humans grow

Biofilm researchers help doctors understand, treat chronic wounds

Like doctors around the world, Randy Wolcott was confounded by diabetic foot ulcers. When patients would come into his Texas clinic with the small and seemingly harmless sores, caused by the disease restricting blood flow and damaging nerves, the wounds

Researchers describe new ALS biomarkers, potential new drug targets

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease that causes paralysis and ultimately death when the nerves enervating the lungs cease to carry the signals needed for breathing. The disease has what is called a “focal onset,” where

Researchers advance the study of ethical decision-making

What would you do? The brakes on your car have been sabotaged and you are racing down the road toward a crowd of pedestrians. If you do nothing, the car will stay on its course and kill five people. If

Researchers are using machine learning to screen for autism in children

For more than five years, researchers from Duke Engineering and the Duke University School of Medicine have been working toward creating an app that can help screen for autism in young children. With results from the first pilot study rolling

Researchers write ABCs of language disorder

While we expect to see scientists publishing in journals aimed at peers, a pair of Western researchers recently targeted a younger audience for their work—a lot younger. Reviewers for their newest scholarly paper, “Developmental Language Disorder: The Childhood Condition We

Researchers link aging with changes in brain networks related to cognition

Functional regions within the brain become less distinct and interconnected in the elderly over time, especially in those networks related to attention span and cognition. The finding, published by researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School in The Journal of Neuroscience, adds

Researchers show how AI can be used to more quickly and accurately diagnose breast cancer

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women. It is also difficult to diagnose. Nearly one in 10 cancers is misdiagnosed as not cancerous, meaning that a patient can lose critical treatment time. On the other hand,